Stress counselling is practiced using techniques such as behavioural therapy. Practitioners using this technique encourage their clients to consider why they react to certain situations and attempt to help them alter their responses. Client-centred therapy is also appropriate for people suffering from stress and explores the reasons why certain events act as triggers for people.
Stress is a part of life that we all encounter from time to time. A little stress can be helpful, kicking us into action to get things done; but too much can affect us both mentally and physically. Stress is the second major cause of illness at work after back pain, and is becoming more and more of an issue in today’s culture.
In a stressful situation our brains release a range of ‘stress chemicals’ such as cortisol and adrenaline to provoke a fight-or-flight reaction. The fight reaction will have us standing up, ready to fight for our lives, while the flight reaction encourages us to flee from danger and protect ourselves. When we are immobile (for example in an office or car) these stress chemicals can build up and affect our immune system and blood pressure.
Everybody is unique and stress affects people in different ways – some thrive off it, while others find it incredibly difficult to deal with. How we react to stress depends on a variety of factors, including our personal temperament and the type of stress we’re dealing with.
In life we generally encounter two types of stress; the first is the constant stream of everyday pressures like deadlines and bills, and the second is the sudden rush of stress brought on by one-off events such as death, moving house or divorce.